One of the least understood aspects of the ancient Japanese art of bonsai is the vast array of types of bonsai trees available Bonsai refers to the art of growing the miniature trees in pots and the pruning and maintenance that helps them thrive.
The type of trees available is diverse.
One such tree, is the Apple Bonsai Tree. The most defining characteristic of the Apple Bonsai are the tiny fruit which makes it a favorite as it is able to act as a fully flowering fruit tree, just miniature. Just as there are different types of regular sized apple trees, there are different types of Apple Bonsai Trees. The Golden Apple bonsai produces tiny golden apples roughly the size of a half dollar and produces blossoms in the spring. The Tropical Apple bonsai is related to the Pitch Apple Tree and produces pink and white followers and uniquely shaped fruit. No matter which type of Apple Bonsai you choose, there are rules for care and feeding that are universal.
Firstly, it is important to consider the original environment the full sized apple tree would experience. For example, the Tropical Apple bonsai is native is hotter and wetter climates while a Golden Apple bonsai is able stand colder temperatures during the winter. If you choose to keep your bonsai inside, strive for a more moderate temperature year round but if wintering outside, make sure that the roots do not freeze as a shallow pot cannot recreate the protection of the earth. When the Apple Bonsai tree is in the growing stage, it will need to be continuously pruned and re-potted as it outgrows its current container. When it reaches the size you desire, begin trimming the roots to ensure that it stops growing larger.
Fertilizer should be used only when the tree is actively growing, never when it is in a dormant stage and many experts suggest halting feeding once flowering begins. Watering, like most aspects of bonsai care, must be done moderately. You do not want the roots to ever fully dry out but to remain moist without being wet enough to cause root rot. Some species, like the Crab Apple bonsai are susceptible to mildew issues and will do better in full sun as long as you check the soil moisture levels every day.
Pruning should be done in the spring and new shoots should be pruned back to one or two leaves and then left until late summer.Apple Bonsai trees are a little more complicated as they actually flower and fruit but are incredibly rewarding and always popular among bonsai tree enthusiasts and novices alike.